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Migrating Gradle Projects to version 1.0.0

Migrating Gradle Projects to version 1.2.x

No changes are necessary.

Migrating Gradle Projects to version 1.1

If your build.gradle files use
You need to replace this with

All other access to android.plugin is no longer allowed (it's internal code.)

Migrating Gradle Projects to version 1.0.0

The Android Gradle plugin has been in rapid development, and as features evolved the APIs and the build file description language went through several incompatible changes. If you are trying to load a project that was built with an older version of the Gradle plugin, it may not build correctly with 1.0.0.

This document describes the most common changes to help you migrate to 1.0.0. From version 1.0.0 and going forward, we will strive much harder to not make incompatible changes, and if we do, we plan to write IDE support to help migrate the projects automatically.

Update Plugin and Gradle Version Numbers

The build system knows which specific version of the Gradle plugin to use, and the version of Gradle to use, because they are listed explicitly in your project files. When you use Android Studio 1.0 and you open an older project, it will offer to automatically find and update these version numbers. You can also make these edits manually.

The Android Gradle plugin version is typically listed in the top level build.gradle file in the project, and can be updated as follows:

     dependencies {
-        classpath ''
+        classpath ''

The version of Gradle to use for your project should also be updated to 2.2.1 or later. You can do that by editing the file gradle/wrapper/

Again, Android Studio should offer to perform this edit automatically when you open up an older project:

Migrating from 0.9.x to 1.0.0


The most common issue that affects users is the runProguard property changing names to minifyEnabled. If you run into the build error
    Gradle DSL method not found: 'runProguard()'
then this is the cause of your build error.

This crops up a lot because that property was inserted into all projects created by Android Studio prior to version 0.14.0.

To update your project, edit your build.gradle file as follows:
         release {
-            runProguard true
+            minifyEnabled true
             proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.txt'

There are some additional other properties that were renamed as well, in both build types and product flavors.

ApplicationId in Library Projects

You cannot use applicationId to customize the package of a library project. The package name has to be fixed in library projects (and specified as packageName in the manifest). The Gradle plugin did not enforce this restriction earlier.

Renamed Properties in BuildTypes

runProguard => minifyEnabled
zipAlign => zipAlignEnabled
jniDebugBuild => jniDebuggable
renderscriptDebug => renderscriptDebuggable

Renamed Properties in ProductFlavors

flavorGroups => flavorDimensions
packageName => applicationId
testPackageName => testApplicationId
renderscriptSupportMode => renderscriptSupportModeEnabled
ProductFlavor.renderscriptNdkMode => renderscriptNdkModeEnabled

Other Name changes

InstrumentTest was renamed to androidTest.

Migrating From 0.8.x to 0.9.x

Version 0.9 of the Gradle plugin for Android made a few incompatible changes that require changes to your project. This page documents how to update your project. Note that this is not a complete list of changes in the 0.9 version of the plugin; it simply covers the changes that require updates to your source files. For a full list of changes, see the user guide.

Instrumentation Tests
If you have instrumentation tests (or other types of tests) in your project, note that we changed the name and folder from instrumentation tests to android tests to reflect the fact that this facility is not just for instrumentation tests but for plain JUnit tests (running on a device) and eventually also UI automator tests.

To update your project
  • Rename your instrumentTest folders to androidTest, e.g. git mv app/src/instrumentTest app/src/androidTest.
    Alternatively you can tell gradle to keep using the old folder by relocating your sourcesets.
  • Update any test dependencies from instrumentTestCompile to androidTestCompile:
    dependencies {
    -    instrumentTestCompile ''
    +    androidTestCompile ''


The DSL for the library projects is now the same as for the application projects. This means you can create more build types, and create flavors.
  • You can create/configure more build types, in the buildTypes { ... } container.
  • You can create product flavors using the productFlavors { ... } container.
  • You can create signingConfigs using the signingConfigs { ... } container.
For example if you have in your library:

android {
    debug {
    release {
    debugSigningConfig {

You would replace it with:

android {
    buildTypes {
        debug {
        release {
    signingConfigs {
        debug {